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DIN 50125: Tests on Metallic Materials - Tensile Specimens

DIN 50125 defines specimens for tensile tests on metallic materials that meet the DIN EN ISO 6892-1 requirements.DIN 50125 is used to supplement the general requirements of the DIN EN ISO 6892-1 standard so that complete specifications are available for the production of tensile specimens in workshops.Nevertheless, the specimen dimensions listed in tables are only examples that meed the requirements of DIN EN ISO 6892-1.

Production of tensile specimens to DIN 50125

If in practice it is necessary to deviate from the listed and very common specimen dimensions, the DIN 50125 standard accurately describes the fundamental requirements for these non-listed specimen geometries.This then also provides workshop-compliant dimensioning rules, which in turn allow the production of DIN EN ISO 6892-1 compliant tensile specimens.

The need to deviate from the listed and very common specimen dimensions can result from having to consider special material properties or the test arrangement and therefore the manufacturer’s specifications for testing machines and specimen grips.

An example are threaded-end specimens made of higher-strength materials.Although the specimen grip inserts are hardened or have a hard coating, the pressure applied to the surfaces that are in contact during the load application in the tensile test can become so strong that it causes damage or increased wear.Damages can occur to both the specimen grip side as well as the tensile specimen side.In such cases it is necessary to adapt the dimensions of the threaded ends accordingly, also in order to ensure correct and stable alignment of the tensile specimen throughout the entire test, thereby making sure that the test results are reliable.

In the case of flat products, an attempt is normally made to maintain the product thickness, that is to avoid processing of the original surfaces.DIN 50125 provides the user and manufacturer of the specimens with a simple diagram that illustrates the relationship between thickness a0, width b0 and initial gauge length L0 of flat specimens with proportionality factor k=5.65 (short proportional specimen).With two specified sizes, the third one can then be read from this diagram.In a tensile test, the initial gauge length L0 and the longitudinal strain are measured with an extensometer (optical or contact).

Since in the course of digitalization and tracking of specimens and their test results, specimen markings are required, DIN 50125 also provides simple, but important instructions for this:Markings must not influence the test results, must ensure clear legibility even after the test, and must be able to identify the specimen parts without any doubt even after specimen break.

Dimensions and examples of tensile specimens to DIN 50125

The DIN 50125 standard provides dimensions and examples for tensile specimen measurements in nine different tables.The tables are pairedβ€”where necessaryβ€”with specimen technical drawings to provide the manufacturing workshop with all required information for specimen preparation when using the DIN 50125 standard.

Table No. Drawing No. Specimen shape
Short description
Specimen shape description
1 - Dimensions and tolerances for diameters or
thickness and width of the parallel length of the specimen
2 1 Type A Circular cross section with cylindrical ends
3 2 Type B Circular cross section with threaded ends
4 3 Type C Circular cross section with shoulder ends
5 4 Type D Circular cross section with conical ends
6 5 Type E Flat bar with machined parallel length
7 - Type F Unmachined sections of round bars
8 - Type G Unmachined sections of flat bars and sections
9 7 Type H Non-proportional flat specimens with machined parallel length

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Additional standards for testing of metals

Tensile test ISO 6892-1

Description of tensile testing on metals, ISO 6892 and ASTM E8.
to Tensile test ISO 6892-1

Metals tensile test ASTM E8

ASTM E8/E8M describes the uniaxial tensile test on metals at ambient temperature and the determination of characteristic values such as offset yield, yield strength, yield point elongation, tensile strength, strain at break and reduction of area.
to Metals tensile test ASTM E8
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