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Pendulum impact testers for tests on plastics

Up to 50 joules Download
Industries
  • Predominantly plastics
Max. energy
  • 50 joules
Type of test
  • Charpy
  • Izod
  • Dynstat
  • Impact tensile

Pendulum Impact Testers for Plastics Testing – Accurate, Reliable and Operator-Friendly

Together with tensile and flexure tests, Charpy impact tests are the most frequently performed mechanical tests in the polymer industry. ZwickRoell’s HIT range of pendulum impact testers offer a solution that combines high precision with cost effectiveness. 

Pendulum impact testing of plastics

Standard-compliant testing to Charpy, Dynstat, Izod and impact tensile tests, Method A/B with the HIT series of pendulum impact testers—be sure to hit your target with ZwickRoell!

Advantages & Features

Advantages & Features

Advantages
Intuitive and workflow oriented touch operation
Quick familiarization with user management also applies to stand alone
Flexible use with or without PC
Reliable test results
Ergonomic design throughout
Massive support frame and stable base
Intelligent impact testing
Safety for every application
testXpert III and instrumentation
Quick testing at low temperatures

Advantages

  • HIT pendulum impact testers automatically identify the pendulum in use, ensuring that measured values are always determined in the correct range and in accordance with the standard in use.
  • A world first is the use of carbon double rods for the pendulum. This provides a high level of stiffness in the impact direction and a strong concentration of masses at the point of impact.
  • Each pendulum is equipped with a quick-change device. Pendulums can be changed quickly and without the need for tools.
  • The optional pendulum disc brake is virtually wear-free.
  • Operator convenience is a prominent feature of the HIT pendulum impact testing systems. Easy-to-reach controls, on the same level wherever possible, help avoid user fatigue.
  • The electronics contain a high-resolution digital encoder for accurate measurement of the impact angle. An RS232 interface is available for connection to laboratory data-management systems. A PC can be connected via a USB plug-and-play interface.
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Intuitive and workflow oriented touch operation

All test-related settings are grouped logically and are separated from higher-level system settings. The operator is guided through test configuration step by step. The stored test configuration can be easily exported and transferred to other devices.

Quick familiarization with user management also applies to stand alone

Integrated user management reduces the number of operator input options to a minimum. Users see only what is important to them so they can focus on the task at hand right from the start.

Flexible use with or without PC

Thanks to the new, standardized operating philosophy, the user can easily switch between the device and the PC.

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Reliable test results

The process of designing a pendulum impact tester for consistently low natural vibrations begins in the vicinity of the specimen, with the pendulums and fixtures.

ZwickRoell uses high-performance carbon materials for its HIT pendulums. These offer the following advantages:

  • Significantly greater pendulum stiffness
  • Ideal distribution of mass
  • Repeatable, reproducible test results.

You can test in a measurement range up to 80% of potential energy. This is made possible by the very high ratio of instrument mass to pendulum mass.

Changing between the various HIT fixtures is quick, while precision guides guarantee a continuous positive-fit to the baseplate.

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Ergonomic design throughout

Operator convenience is a prominent feature of the HIT pendulum impact testing systems. Everything is within an arm's reach and operational controls are at a uniform height.

  • To change the fixture, simply slacken the retaining bolts slightly. The fixture can then be withdrawn from the guides and another slid into its place. Limit stops ensure reliable positioning.
  • The pendulum is easily changed by means of a quick release lock, No additional tools are required, simplifying operation and saving time.
  • Specimen disposal is via the integrated collecting tray.
  • The electronics feature a simple, easy-to-operate keyboard. During series tests the results can simply be read off from the large, clear display

Massive support frame and stable base

The welded table frame guarantees maximum stiffness, while wide-based leveling feet ensure firm, stable support. The support table’s positioning stops line up perfectly with the pendulum impact tester's frame. The HIT pendulum impact tester base plate is constructed with vibration-damping metal casting, and the ratio of its mass to the pendulum mass complies with standard requirements. Three sturdy, lockable leveling-feet provide secure footing and enable horizontal alignment of the instrument. This means that you can be sure of obtaining reliable test results regardless of local conditions.

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Intelligent impact testing

Just as the mass of a calibrated weight is engraved on it, each ZwickRoell pendulum carries its data with it in the form of electronically readable pendulum coding.

The pendulum identifies itself to the electronics through standard, type of test, energy capacity, starting angle and other physical data. Also stored in the instrument are data on air and bearing friction. Erroneous measurements are thus eliminated.

Freely selectable starting angles enable optimum test parameters, for example impact speed and energy loss at impact After the test the pendulum is automatically captured and returned to the starting position by a motor drive.

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Safety for every application

To protect operators from flying specimen fragments or prevent contact with a falling pendulum ZwickRoell has a range of recommended solutions.

  • During Charpy tests the safety guard on the Charpy fixture ensures that specimen remains stay within the pendulum impact tester.
  • The swiveling safety housing enables optimum access, for example during Izod tests.
  • The electrically interlocked safety device eliminates air supply during a test and provides maximum protection from shattering specimens. Two-handed operation is required to release the pendulum, eliminating the possibility of reaching into the pendulum impact tester during a test.

testXpert III and instrumentation

ZwickRoell testing software provides a clear visual presentation of all impact characteristics recorded in a results table and graph, allowing you to produce comprehensive statistical evaluations.

Data is easily and safely stored:

  • In a report prepared in accordance with the standard
  • In a test series contained in testXpert III
  • Automatically exported to your database

Instrumented impact testing allows additional information on material characteristic values and properties to be obtained, and fracture mechanics investigations and automated fracture evaluations to be performed. Instrumented pendulums and expanded electronics are available for high-accuracy recording of the high-speed processes involved in breaking through a specimen.

Quick testing at low temperatures

At low temperatures impact strength is a critical property of a material. ZwickRoell offers a temperature-conditioning box and magazine for cooling specimens. For testing at low temperatures the specimens are first conditioned in a cooling box. The magazine with the specimens is then attached to the specimen feeder, which is fastened to the HIT pendulum impact tester. This way the specimens can be quickly and conveniently removed and tested.

Plastics Impact Testing Applications

Plastics Impact Testing Applications

General
Charpy
Izod
Impact tensile test
Dynstat

General

Specimens can be loaded in variety of ways by pendulum impact testers.

  • Charpy tests: ISO 179, ASTM D6110
  • Izod tests: ISO 180, ASTM D256, ASTM D4812
  • Impact tensile tests: ISO 8256 Methods A and B, ASTM D1822
  • Dynstat impact bending tests: DIN 53435
Charpy test on plastics

Charpy

Charpy fixtures consist of a massive cast base. Test-specific items such as supports and anvils are selected according to the range of specimens.

Test results are significantly influenced by the roughness and radius of the anvils, which are fully precision CNC manufactured, with 100% measurement. ZwickRoell does not supply single-part anvils, for which it is difficult to achieve dimensional accuracy. The location of the anvil relative to the tup is ensured via an optional jig during installation.

As anvils are subject to greater wear than supports, cost-effective replacement of two-part anvils independently of other accessories is available. Quick-change adapter plates ensure that the impact point is matched to the specimen width in the impact direction, while the specimen thickness (vertical direction) is accommodated via suitably dimensioned supports with alignment pins to ensure accurate insertion.

Optionally available for the Charpy fixture are a pivoted safety shield and alignment units to enable correct positioning at the center of impact, using either the notch or the front edge of the specimen.

Advantages

  • Fast fixture changes
  • Precision manufacture of anvils, with documented 100% dimensional accuracy verification
Izod test on plastics

Izod

Two types of Izod fixture can be used. The manual fixture is equipped with a fine-threaded lead-screw, allowing precisely controlled gripping of soft, hard or clamping-sensitive specimens.

The pneumatic fixture is ideal where high throughput is required or temperature-conditioned specimens are to be tested. It also enables excellent reproducibility when clamping-sensitive materials are being tested.

Quick clamping via a switch on the fixture itself minimizes the time from removal of the specimen from the temperature-controlled area to actual testing.

Both fixtures are equipped with a centering unit to ensure that the specimen is always positioned in the plane of the notch root.

Adjustment to suit specimen width in the impact direction is via quick-change inserts with lateral guides.

Advantages

  • Rapid specimen centering and gripping
  • Fine adjustment of gripping force
  • Fast testing with pneumatic fixture
  • Constant gripping force enables high reproducibility
Impact bending tests on plastics

Impact tensile test

For impact tensile tests the specimen and yoke are aligned in a jig and clamped together.

Depending on the test method in use, the specimen plus yoke are clamped in either the pendulum or the impact tensile fixture.

The appropriate templates are used to set up for the various ISO and ASTM specimen types.

For tests to ISO 8256, Method A, a yoke is attached to the shoulders at one end of the specimen. The other end of the specimen is gripped in the impact tensile fixture. The free end of the specimen plus the yoke is struck off by the pendulum hammer. Yokes are available with masses from 15g to 120g.

For tests to ISO 8256 Method B and ASTM D1822 one end of the specimen is clamped in a specially designed pendulum hammer; a yoke is attached to the other end, which hangs free. In the test the yoke is stopped by the impact tensile fixture, while the pendulum plus specimen continues its travel.

An impact tensile fixture is available for each standard. Yokes are available from 15g to 120g.

Advantages

  • Rapid changeover to either test method
  • Precise specimen clamping and alignment
Dynstat test on plastics

Dynstat

HIT pendulum impact testers can also be equipped for Dynstat impact tests to DIN 53435. A Dynstat fixture and the five standardized pendulums cover the range of application.

Technical Overview

Do you have any questions regarding our products?

Please feel free to contact our product experts.
We look forward to discussing your needs.

 

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Downloads

Name Type Size Download
  • Industry brochure: Plastics & Rubber PDF 9 MB
  • Product brochure: HIT pendulum impact testers from 5 up to 50 joules PDF 4 MB

Interesting customer projects

Related Products and Accessories

Learn more about impact testing

Impact Tests on Plastics: ISO 179, etc.

Impact tests

Among others, ISO 179, ASTM D6110, ISO 180, ASTM D256
Here you will find, among other things, information on Charpy test (ISO 179-1), instrumented Charpy test (ISO 179-2), Izod test (ISO 180), tensile impact test (ISO 8256), puncture test (ISO 6603-2).
to Impact tests
Dynstat flexure and impact bending test to DIN 53435

Dynstat flexure and impact bending test

DIN 53435
The Dynstat flexure test, the Dynstat impact bending test, and the notched impact bending test to DIN 53435 are used in the characterization of material properties for components made of plastics.
to Dynstat flexure and impact bending test

Charpy impact test on metals

In a Charpy impact test the standardized notched specimens are impacted with energies of up to 750 joules.
to Charpy impact test on metals
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