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Standards for plastics testing

Here you will find an overview of the most important test standards in the plastics industry. Learn more from our industry experts about the test objectives and the resulting requirements on the testing systems for standard-compliance performance.

Calibrating the test equipment Specimen preparation Dimensional measurement

Thermoplastics and thermosetting plastics Rubber & elastomers Rubber or plastic coated fabrics Rigid cellular plastics Flexible cellular foams Films & sheets Plastic pipes Adhesive materials

Testing and calibrating test fixtures

Content Standard Example of test equipment
Tensile, compression and flexure testing machines ISO 5893, ISO 7500-1, ASTM E4, ISO 9513, DIN 51220
Impact testing machines ISO 13802, JIS B7756, EN 10045-2, DIN 51230
Standard climate for storage and testing ISO 291, JIS K 7100, ASTM D618; ISO 23529
Test conditions and conditions for rubber ISO 471, DIN 53500, ASTM D1349, ASTM D832
Performance of round robin tests ASTM E691
Temperature conditioning device for tests on rubber ISO 23529
Creep testing machines ISO 7500-2

Specimen preparation

Content Standard Example of test equipment
Injection molding ISO 294-1/-2/-3/-4 Injection molding machine
Presses ISO 293, ISO 295 Forming press
Mechanical processing ISO 2818 Cutting press, Strip cutter
Rubber ISO 4661-1, ASTM D1485, ASTM D3183; ISO 23529 Cutting press
Specimens for plastics testing ISO 20753
Specimens for polystyrene (PS) testing ISO 1622-2

Dimensional measurement

Content Standard Example of test equipment
Multi-purpose specimens ISO 527-1, ISO 16012, ASTM D5947 Micrometer
Thickness of films ISO 4593, DIN 53370, ASTM D374, ISO 4591, ASTM E252 Thickness measuring device, scale
Rubber ISO 37, DIN 53504, ISO 23529, ISO 3302, ASTM D3767 Thickness measuring device, scale
Foam materials, rubber ISO 1923, DIN 53570 Thickness measuring device, caliper

Standards for thermoplastics and thermosetting plastics

Content Standard Example of test equipment
Tensile properties ISO 527-1/-2, ASTM D638, ASTM D1708, EN 2747 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
makroXtens
Poisson’s ratio ISO 527, ASTM E132 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
makroXtens
Flexural properties (1-point method) ASTM D 747 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Test tool for flexure tests
Flexural properties (3-point method) ISO 178, ASTM D790, ASTM D5934 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Test tool for flexure tests
Extensometers
Flexural properties (4-point method) ASTM D 6272 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Test tool for flexure tests
Extensometers
Compressive properties ISO 604, ASTM D 695 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Test tool for compression tests
Shear properties ASTM D 732 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Creep behavior, tensile ISO 899-1, ASTM D2990 Creep testing machine
Creep behavior, flexure (3-point) ISO 899-2, ISO 6602, ASTM D2990 Creep testing machine
Creep behavior, compression ASTM C1181, ASTM D2990 Creep testing machine
Dynamic mechanical properties

EN ISO 6721-4/-5/-6, ASTM D5023, ASTM D5024,

ASTM D5026, DIN 53442

Servohydraulic testing machine
Fracture mechanics properties

ISO 13586, ASTM E813, ISO 17281,ASTM D5045,

ASTM D6068, ISO 15850

Servohydraulic testing machine
Vibrophore
Ball indentation hardness ISO 2039-1 Ball indentation hardness tester
Rockwell hardness (R, L, M, E, K) ISO 2039-2, ASTM D785 ZHR
Rockwell α-hardness ISO 2039-2, ASTM D785 ZHR8150CLK
Instrument Hardness testing (universal hardness) ISO 14577-1, DIN 50359-1 Instrumented hardness testing instrument
Shore A and Shore D hardness ISO 868, ISO 7619, ASTM D2240 Shore hardness tester
Shore B, C, 0, 00, A0, D0 ASTM D 2240 Shore hardness tester
Charpy impact strength ISO 179-1, ASTM D6110 Pendulum impact testing machine
Izod impact strength ISO 180, ASTM D256, ASTM D4812 Pendulum impact testing machine
Tensile impact strength ISO 8256, ASTM D1822 Pendulum impact testing machine
Dynstat impact strength DIN 53435 Pendulum impact testing machine
Impact embrittlement temperature ISO 974 Pendulum impact testing machine
Instrumented Charpy impact test ISO 179-2 Pendulum impact testing machine
Drop weight test ISO 6603-1, ASTM D5628, ASTM F736 Drop Weight Testers
Instrumented puncture test ISO 6603-2, ASTM D5420, DIN 53443-2, ASTM D3763, ASTM D5628

Drop weight tester
High-speed testing machines

High-speed tensile tests ISO 18872 High-speed testing machine
Melt flow index (MFR, MVR, FRR) ISO 1133, ASTM D1238, ASTM D3364 Extrusion plastometer
Density ISO 1183-1 Density determination instrument
Vicat softening temperature (VST) ISO 306, EN 2155-14, JIS K 7206, ASTM D1525, BS 2782 - Meth. 121 C Vicat VST instrument
Heat deflection temperature ISO 75-1/-2/-3, ASTM D648, BS 2782 - Meth. 120 C HDT instrument

Standards for rubber and elastomers

Content Standard Example of test equipment
Tensile properties ISO 37, ASTM D412, DIN 53504 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Tensile properties, rubber condoms ISO 4074 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Test methods for rubber threads ISO 2321, ASTM D 2433 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Setting behavior under tensile load ISO 2285, ASTM D 412 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Compressive properties ISO 7743, ASTM D 575 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Setting behavior under compression conditions ISO 815, ASTM D395, ASTM D1229 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Tear strength properties according to Graves DIN 53515, ASTM D624, ISO 34 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Tear strength properties, trouser, angle, crescent ISO 34-1 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Tear strength properties, Delft specimen ISO 34-2 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Adhesion properties

EN 28033, ISO 814, ISO 5600, ISO 5603, ISO 8033, ASTM D429,

ASTM D1871, ASTM D413, ISO 813, DIN 53531-2

zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Analysis of multi-peak traces ISO 6133 -
Shear properties ISO 1827 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Creep, relaxation ISO 3384, ISO 8013, DIN 53537, ISO 6914 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Frictional properties ISO 15113 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Viscoelastic properties ISO 4664, DIN 53513, DIN 53 535 Servohydraulic testing machine
Fatigue ASTM D430, ASTM D4482 Servohydraulic testing machine
Test methods for O-rings ASTM D 1414 Specimen grips for ring specimens
Requirements for pipe joint seals EN 681 Specimen grips for ring specimens
IRHD hardness ISO 48, ISO 7619-1/-2, ASTM D1415, DIN 53519 IRHD hardess tester
Shore A and D hardness ISO 868, ISO 7619-1/-2, ASTM D2240 Shore hardness tester
Shore B, C, A0, D0, 00, 000, 000-S, R ASTM D 2240 Shore hardness tester
Abrasion resistance ISO 4649, DIN 53516 Abrasion tester
Rebound resilience ISO 4662, DIN 53512, ASTM D1054 Rebound resilience tester
Density ISO 2781, ASTM D792, DIN 53479 Density determination kit

Standards for rubber- or plastic-coated fabrics

Content Standard Example of test equipment
Tensile properties ISO 1421, ASTM D 751 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Adhesion properties ISO 36, ISO 4637, ISO 4647, ASTM D413 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Blocking resistance ISO 5978, EN 25978 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Tear resistance properties ISO 4674, ASTM D751, DIN 53356 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine

Standards for rigid cellular plastics

Content Standard Example of test equipment
Test methods ISO 9054, ISO 7214 -
Tensile properties ISO 1926, ASTM D1623, DIN 53430, EN 1607 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Flexural properties ISO 1209-1/-2, JIS K 7221, EN 12089 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Shear strength ISO 1922, DIN 53427, DIN 53294, EN 12090, ASTM C273 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Compressive properties ISO 844, ASTM D1621, EN 826 ProLine
AllroundLine
videoXtens
Compressive creep test ISO 7616, ISO 7850 Creep testing machine
Determination of the specimen thickness EN 12431 Thickness measuring device
Charpy impact strength ISO 179 Pendulum impact testing machine
Density ISO 845, ASTM D 1622 Scale
Tensile strength perpendicular to the faces EN 1607, DIN 53292 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine

Standards for flexible foam materials

Content Standard Example of test equipment
Tensile properties ISO 1798, ASTM D3574 E zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Compressive properties, compression stress-strain characteristics ISO 3386-1, ISO 3386-2, ASTM D3574 C, ASTM D1055 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Indentation hardness ISO 2439, DIN 3386, DIN 53579-1, ASTM D3574 B, ASTM D3579 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
cLine
Testing actuator
Compressibility ISO 11752 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Tear strength, trouser specimen ISO 8067, ASTM D3574 F zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Creep behavior in compression ISO 10066, ISO 1856 zwickiLine
ProLine
AllroundLine
Rebound resilience DIN 13014, ISO 8307, ASTM D3574 Rebound resilience tester
Fatigue test ISO 3385 Testing actuator
Accelerated aging test ISO 2440
Dynamic cushioning performance (shock absorption) ISO 4651 Drop Weight Testers
Apparent density ISO 845, ASTM D3574 A Scale

Standards for think films and sheets

Content Standard Example of test equipment
Tensile properties ISO 527-3, ASTM D882, ASTM D5323 zwickiLine
Temperature chamber
Tear strength, Graves, angle specimen ISO 34, DIN 53515 zwickiLine
Tear strength, trouser specimen ISO 6383-1, ASTM D1004, ASTM D1938 zwickiLine
Tear resistance, trapezoid specimen EN 495-2, DIN 53363 zwickiLine
Blocking strength, lubricity ISO 11502, DIN 53366, ASTM D3354 zwickiLine
Penetration resistance, puncture resistance EN 14477, ASTM D5748, ASTM F1306 zwickiLine
Impact tensile strength ISO 8256, ASTM D1822 Pendulum impact testing machine
Impact resistance and free-falling dart method

ISO 7765-1/-2, ASTM D4272, ASTM D1709,

ASTM D3763, JIS K 7124, DIN 53373

Drop Weight Testers
Coefficients of friction ISO 8295, ASTM D1894, JIS K 7125, DIN 53375, DIN 55426 zwickiLine

Standards for plastics piping systems

Content Standard Example of test equipment
Pipe specifications EN 1555, EN 1852
Tensile properties

ISO 6259-1/-2/-3, ISO 8521, ISO 8513, ISO 8533,

ASTM D2105, ASTM D2290, EN 1393, EN 1394

ProLine
AllroundLine
Compressive properties EN 802, EN 1446, ISO/DIS 4435, DIN 53769-3, ASTM D2412 ProLine
AllroundLine
Flexural strength EN 12100 ProLine
AllroundLine
Creep factor, creep ratio ISO 9967, ISO 7684, EN 761, EN 1862, DIN 16961-2 Creep testing machine
Ring stiffness

ISO 9969, ISO 13967, ISO 10466, ISO 10471,

EN 1228, ASTM D5365

ProLine
AllroundLine
Testing actuator
Extensometers
Ring flexibility ISO 13968 ProLine
AllroundLine
Cyclical compression test ASTM D 2143
Vicat softening temperature EN 727 Vicat VST instrument
Behavior under impact loading EN 744, EN 1411, EN 12061, ISO 3127, ASTM D2444, ISO 7628 Drop weight tester / Pendulum impact tester
Melt Index ISO 4440-1/-2 Extrusion plastometer

Standards for adhesives

Content Standard Example of test equipment
Tensile properties (butt joints) ISO 6922, EN 26922, EN 1940, EN 1941, EN 14410, prEN 15870 Materials Testing Machine
Peel resistance tests

ISO 4578, ISO 8510-2, ISO 11339, EN 1464, EN 28510-1/-2,

EN 1939, EN 28510-1/-2, EN 60454-2, Finat FTM 1-4

Materials Testing Machine
Self-adhesive tape, measurement of quick stick EN 1945, Finat FTM 9
Shear strength

ISO 4587, ISO 10123, EN 1465, ISO 11003, ISO 13445,

ASTM D3163, ASTM D3164, ISO 9311-2, EN 15337

Materials Testing Machine
Bending shear strength ISO 15108 Materials Testing Machine
Creep behavior ISO 15109 Materials Testing Machine
Shear impact strength test ISO 9653, EN 29653
Fatigue properties ISO 9664 Servohydraulic testing machine
Resistance to flow ISO 14678
Energy release rate, mode 1, DCB ISO 25217 Materials Testing Machine
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